Columbia is a seductive country offering breathtaking landscapes, vibrant cities and the warmth of the Columbian people. Columbia's capital Bogota, is steeped in history with beautiful architecture. Learn about the World's best coffee in Pereira and see the national wax plant in Los Nevados National Park. Visit San Basilio de Palenque with strong African musical traditions or get lost in the culturally rich city of Cartagena, bursting with colour.
Colombia shares a border to the northwest with Panama, to the east with Venezuela and Brazil and to the south with Ecuador and Peru. It shares its maritime limits with Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Honduras, Jamaica, Haiti and the Dominican Republic.
The diversity of climate zones in Colombia is characterized for having tropical rainforests, savannas, steppes, deserts and mountain climate.
Mountain climate is one of the unique features of the Andes and other high altitude reliefs where climate is determined by elevation. Below 1,000 meters in elevation is the warm altitudinal zone, where temperatures are above 24 °C. About 82.5% of the country's total area lies in the warm altitudinal zone. The temperate climate altitudinal zone located between 1,001 and 2,000 meters is characterized for presenting an average temperature ranging between 17 and 24 °C. The cold climate is present between 2,001 and 3,000 meters and the temperatures vary between 12 and 17 °C. Beyond the cold land lie the alpine conditions of the forested zone and then the treeless grasslands of the páramos. Above 4,000 meters, where temperatures are below freezing, the climate is glacial, a zone of permanent snow and ice.
Best time to travel: Nov - Mar / Jul - Aug (next best: Apr & Jun)
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