Brazil is a land of natural beauty with the white sandy beaches of the Atlantic coast, pristine Amazonian rain forests, the wildlife rich Pantanal and the mighty thunderous Iguassu Falls, as well as the colourful colonial towns of Paraty and Sao Luis, picturesque Rio de Janeiro and Salvador. Brazil is a rich mosaic of people and cultures and home to the famous Rio Carnival, the world's greatest party!
The climate of Brazil comprises a wide range of weather conditions across a large area and varied topography, but most of the country is tropical. An equatorial climate characterizes much of northern Brazil. There is no real dry season, but there are some variations in the period of the year when most rain falls. Temperatures average 25 °C with more significant temperature variation between night and day than between seasons.
Over central Brazil rainfall is more seasonal, characteristic of a savanna climate. This region is as extensive as the Amazon basin but has a very different climate as it lies farther south at a higher altitude. In the interior northeast, seasonal rainfall is even more extreme. The semiarid climatic region generally receives less than 800 millimetres of rain, most of which generally falls in a period of three to five months of the year and occasionally less than this, creating long periods of drought.
South of Bahia, near the coasts, and more southerly most of the state of São Paulo, the distribution of rainfall changes, with rain falling throughout the year. The south enjoys subtropical conditions, with cool winters and average annual temperatures not exceeding 18 °C. Winter frosts and snowfall are not rare in the highest areas.
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